Hi, welcome to Meteorological Madness.
I ventured out on a major project in January of 2020 to build this website for the sole purpose of educating young and old minds alike on meteorology and weather forecasting. While countless websites exist where you can obtain a weather forecast or download real-time or modeled weather data, there are surprisingly very few websites that are devoted to weather education.
Despite the fact that I am not currently in college studying meteorology yet does not mean that I don’t know a great deal about the Earth’s atmosphere and how it works. I have spent hours a day for over three years constantly researching weather and climate by reading books, peer-reviewed publications, reputable blogs; watching lectures and videos; asking professionals questions; and studying any bit of free college course material that is available online.
The topics in Meteorological Madness are arranged into chapters which are then subdivided into separate topics which contribute to the full chapter. If you are new in what I like to call the “weather world,” you’ll probably want to start from the beginning and work your way down to the end. If you are a skilled weather forecaster or even a degreed meteorologist who needs to “brush up” on old skills, hesitate no further and by all means find what you’re looking for below.
NOTICE: Any link that is not clickable has not been published yet.
Meteorological Madness Modules
Chapter 1 － Introduction to Meteorology
1.0 What is Weather?
1.1 Weather vs. Climate
1.2 Climate Classification Zones
1.3 The Earth’s Seasons: Winter, Spring, Summer & Autumn
Chapter 2 － The Atmosphere
2.0 The Atmosphere: An Ocean of Air
2.1 The Atmosphere’s Layers
2.2 Atmospheric Composition & Chemistry
2.3 Atmospheric Properties: Temperature, Humidity & Air Pressure
2.4 Methods of Heat Transfer: Radiation, Conduction & Convection
2.5 The Earth – Atmosphere Energy Imbalance
2.6 The “Greenhouse Effect”
2.7 Large – Scale Atmospheric Circulation
Chapter 3 － Water, Wind & Air
3.0 The Hydrologic Cycle: The Basics of Clouds & Precipitation
3.1 What Causes the Wind to Blow?
3.2 Sea, Land & Lake Breezes
3.3 Upsloping & Downsloping Winds
3.4 The Santa Ana Winds: California’s Most Dreaded Wind
3.5 Air Masses & Frontal Boundaries: Types, Characteristics & Movement
3.6 Troughs & Ridges: Air Pressure in the Upper Atmosphere
3.7 The Jet Streams: Formation, Function & Types
Chapter 4 － Cloud Physics & Precipitation
4.0 Introduction to Clouds
4.1 Cloud Physics: How Do They Form?
4.2 The Color of Clouds: Why Are They White?
4.3 Low – Level Clouds (Below 6,000 ft.)
4.4 Mid – Level Clouds (6,000 – 20,000 ft.)
4.5 High – Level Clouds (Above 20,000 ft.)
4.6 Fog: Formation & Types
4.7 Obscuration Types & Visibility
4.8 Precipitation: Processes, Development & Types
Chapter 5 － The Sky is the Limit: Atmospheric Optics
5.0 Why is the Sky Blue?
5.1 What Causes Colorful Sunrises & Sunsets?
5.4 Crepuscular & Anticrepuscular Rays
5.4 Sun & Moon Halos
5.5 Light Pillars
5.6 The Aurora Borealis
5.8 Green Skies During Thunderstorms
Chapter 6 － Convective Storm Systems
6.0 Introduction to Thunderstorms: Climatology & Structure
6.1 Air Mass Thunderstorms
6.2 Multi – Cell Cluster Thunderstorms
6.3 Quasi – Linear Convective Systems
6.4 Bow Echoes & Derechos
6.5 Mesoscale Convective Complexes (MCV’s)
6.6 Supercell Thunderstorms: Structure, Formation & Significance
6.7 Dry Thunderstorms: Storms Without Rain
6.8 Thunderstorm Hazards
6.9 NOAA SPC Convective Outlooks & Thunderstorm Safety
Chapter 7 － Thunderstorm Hazards
7.0 Thunderstorm Hazards: Damaging Winds
7.1 Thunderstorm Hazards: Flash Flooding
7.2 Thunderstorm Hazards: Hail
7.3 Thunderstorm Hazards: Lightning & Thunder
Chapter 8 － Columnar Vortexes: Tornadoes & Waterspouts
8.0 Tornadoes: Introduction & Climatology
8.1 How Does A Tornado Form?
8.2 Tornado Types: Wedge, Rope, Stovepipe, Cone, Rain-Wrapped & Multi – Vortex
8.3 Tornado Damage & Intensity: The EF Scale
8.5 Dust Devils
8.6 Snow Devils
8.7 Steam Devils
8.8 Fire Whirls
8.9 How to Stay Safe During A Tornado
Chapter 9 － Tropical Meteorology
9.0 The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)
9.1 Atmospheric Rivers & The Pineapple Express
9.2 The Quasi – Biennial Oscillation (QBO)
9.3 The Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)
9.4 The Madden – Julian Oscillation (MJO)
9.5 The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
9.6 What is A Monsoon?
9.7 Tropical Cyclones: Classification, Life Cycle, Hazards & Safety
9.8 Subtropical Storms
Chapter 10 － Teleconnetions & Weather Patterns
10.0 What is A Teleconnection?
10.1 What is A Weather Pattern?
10.2 The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)
10.3 The Arctic Oscillation (AO)
10.4 The Pacific – North American Pattern (PNA)
10.5 The Eastern Pacific Oscillation (EPO)
10.6 The Western Pacific Oscillation (WPO)
10.7 The Antarctic Oscillation (AAO)
Chapter 11 － Heatwaves, Drought & Fire Weather
11.0 Heatwaves: What Are They?
11.1 What is An Indian Summer?
11.2 Droughts: Causes & Effects
11.3 What is “Fire Weather?”
Chapter 12 － Winter Weather
12.1 Arctic Outbreaks: The Polar Vortex & Wind Chill
12.2 Mid-Latitude Cyclones: Structure, Life Cycle & Bombogenesis
12.3 Snowstorms: Definition, Formation & Blizzards
12.5 The Alberta Clipper
12.6 Lake – Effect Snow (LES) Events
12.7 Cold Air Damming Events
12.8 Winter Weather Oddities
12.9 Winter Weather Hazards
Chapter 13 － Medium & Long – Range Forecasting
13.0 Medium – Range Forecasting
13.1 Seasonal Forecasting: Rules, Techniques & Uncertainty